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Non-simultaneous ecotoxicity testing of single chemicals and their mixture results in erroneous conclusions about the joint action of the mixture
De Laender, F.; Janssen, C.R.; De Schamphelaere, K.A.C. (2009). Non-simultaneous ecotoxicity testing of single chemicals and their mixture results in erroneous conclusions about the joint action of the mixture. Chemosphere 76(3): 428-432. https://hdl.handle.net/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.03.027
In: Chemosphere. Elsevier: Oxford. ISSN 0045-6535; e-ISSN 1879-1298, meer
Peer reviewed article  

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Author keywords
    Mixture toxicity; Experimental design; Statistical power; Concentrationaddition

Auteurs  Top 
  • De Laender, F.
  • Janssen, C.R.
  • De Schamphelaere, K.A.C.

Abstract
    The ecotoxicity of binary chemical mixtures with a common mode of action is often predicted with the concentration addition model. The assumption of concentration addition is commonly tested statistically based on results of toxicity experiments with the two single chemicals and their binary mixture. The present simulation study shows that if not all these experiments are performed simultaneously, one has a 20-80% chance of concluding synergism or antagonism while the mixture is actually additive (false positive rate). Truly synergistic or antagonistic mixtures have a 10-50% chance of being falsely categorized as additive (false negative rate). Additionally, false positive rates decrease with increasing experimental error, while false negative rates increase with increasing experimental error. Based on these results, we put forward a number of recommendations for future mixture ecotoxicity evaluation.

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