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Alternative photosynthetic electron flow to oxygen in marine Synechococcus
Bailey, S.; Melis, A.; Mackey, K.R.M.; Cardol, P.; Finazzi, G.; van Dijken, G.; Berg, G.M.; Arrigo, K.R.; Shrager, J.; Grossman, A. (2008). Alternative photosynthetic electron flow to oxygen in marine Synechococcus. Biochim. Biophys. Acta Bioenerg. 1777(3): 269-276. dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.bbabio.2008.01.002
In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Bioenergetics. Elsevier: Amsterdam. ISSN 0005-2728; e-ISSN 1879-2650
Peer reviewed article  

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Trefwoorden
    Agents > Inhibitors > Enzyme inhibitors
    Chemical elements > Metals > Transition elements > Heavy metals > Iron
    Chemical elements > Nonmetals > Atmospheric gases > Oxygen
    Chemical reactions > Photochemical reactions > Photosynthesis
    Environments > Aquatic environment > Marine environment
    Enzymes > Oxidoreductases
    Seawater
    Bacillariophyta [WoRMS]; Cyanobacteria [WoRMS]; Synechococcus Nägeli, 1849 [WoRMS]
    Marien

Auteurs  Top 
  • Bailey, S.
  • Melis, A.
  • Mackey, K.R.M.
  • Cardol, P.
  • Finazzi, G.
  • van Dijken, G.
  • Berg, G.M.
  • Arrigo, K.R.
  • Shrager, J.
  • Grossman, A.

Abstract
    Cyanobacteria dominate the world's oceans where iron is often barely detectable. One manifestation of low iron adaptation in the oligotrophic marine environment is a decrease in levels of iron-rich photosynthetic components, including the reaction center of photosystem I and the cytochrome b6f complex [R.F. Strzepek and P.J. Harrison, Photosynthetic architecture differs in coastal and oceanic diatoms, Nature 431 (2004) 689-692.]. These thylakoid membrane components have well characterised roles in linear and cyclic photosynthetic electron transport and their low abundance creates potential impediments to photosynthetic function. Here we show that the marine cyanobacterium Synechococcus WH8102 exhibits significant alternative electron flow to O2, a potential adaptation to the low iron environment in oligotrophic oceans. This alternative electron flow appears to extract electrons from the intersystem electron transport chain, prior to photosystem I. Inhibitor studies demonstrate that a propyl gallate-sensitive oxidase mediates this flow of electrons to oxygen, which in turn alleviates excessive photosystem II excitation pressure that can often occur even at relatively low irradiance. These findings are also discussed in the context of satisfying the energetic requirements of the cell when photosystem I abundance is low.

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